The invisible hand is a powerful thing. According to Adam Smith, it matches up willing buyers with willing sellers to create value enhancing exchanges. Each party benefits by looking to satisfy their own selfish desires. A simple concept and one that has driven the world economy for centuries. It doesn’t quite work online though, not how it used to, and I’ll explain why in a minute, but first a story.
About a month ago I was approached by an older entrepreneur that had a product to sell. He came to me and asked for help selling this product using “social media marketing.” He didn’t have much money to spend, and he didn’t even understand the basics of how social media worked and so I gave him a few ideas and sent him on his way. Soon after that, he contacted a good friend of mine that handles social media for Symantec. My friend was very generous with his time, created a powerpoint presentation for this man, and walked him through the basics of how social media works.
My friend explained to him that “selling” your product through social media doesn’t really work. People don’t pay attention to advertisements, they like stories, they like participation and they don’t like to be asked for their credit card. You need to build their trust long before you try and sell them anything. That takes time, it takes engagement and it really isn’t very easy.
This was not the answer the older entrepreneur wanted to hear, it just didn’t jive with his understanding of economics. In one excerpt from the email, he basically asked what about Adam Smith? Aren’t people online interested in a product that will improve their lives? Here is an excerpt from the email:
[T]he key to providing a product or service is to make an appeal to a persons selfish side, or “own gain”… there has to be an appeal key that resonates.
In essence what he was saying was, “I have a product to sell that will help people, why can’t I just sell it online?”
The simple answer: because it won’t work.
Twitter, Facebook, and really every single social network in existence is littered with highly ineffective spam campaigns. It isn’t that the spam doesn’t offer value-enhancing exchanges (I’m sure there are people out there that find value in teeth whitener, online pharmacies, and losing 30 pounds in 30 days)- it’s that most spam is irrelevant to us. There is not enough time in the day or in our entire lives to read every spam message sent our way. It is no longer our money that we hang onto with a death grip, it is now our TIME that is our most valued commodity.
If you want to gain our attention online, you need to give us serious value for free. Think about how even Super Bowl commercials have recognized this fact and evolved. If the commercial isn’t awesome or hilarious, *skip*. We are now programming ourselves to block out all non-essential information and we have become especially sensitive to people trying to sell us stuff. It doesn’t matter what. I may need a new leather jacket, but if there is a spam message in my inbox offering online leather jackets at discount prices I may delete it because of how the message came to me.
Adam Smith said back in 1776 in the Wealth of Nations, “Every individual…neither intends to promote the public interest, nor knows how much he is promoting it, (rather) he intends only his own gain, and in this…he is led by an invisible hand to promote an end which was not part of his intention.” Online, however, the invisible hand is becoming more visible.
Adam Smith’s economics may function quite well in an open-air market where people have come to buy, and others are trying to sell. It doesn’t work quite the same though when online participants are not using Twitter or Facebook to shop- they are using these tools to socialize and to communicate. If you want your product to resonate with these online socializers you need to give them something to talk about. What do people like talking about online? It’s different for everyone, some like sharing YouTube videos of Larpers-others like sharing videos like The Last Lecture, one of the most popular Youtube videos of all time-
All videos that people can talk about. The videos are free, but they are value-enhancing. So all the viewers or “hippie freeloaders” as Mr. Burns from the Simpsons would refer to them are getting something of value without providing any monetary remuneration. But they are paying something, they are paying with their valuable time.
It isn’t easier to market products online, in fact, it is much more difficult. Not only do you need a product to be good- you need more. You need something so exceptional that people will talk about it once their computers are turned off. If that is too hard for you, you can always buy massive email lists, purchase Twitter followers and Facebook friends and simply spam like crazy and pray you get a sale. Just please, don’t put me on your list, I have better things to do with my time.